Howard Lloyd Endodontics, Maidenhead, Berkshire

About Your Tooth

A tooth consists of two main parts: the crown, which is visible in your mouth and is contacted during chewing; and the root, which is typically not visible in your mouth and is anchored by surrounding bone and gum tissue. Teeth can be thought of as being similar to icebergs, where a large portion is not visible beneath the surface.

Inside each root are one or more channels that run the length of the root, known as the root canal system. Contained within the canal(s) are blood vessels, nerves, and soft tissue that are collectively called the pulp. The pulp can be irreversibly injured or infected due to deep restorations, decay, fracture, trauma, or periodontal (gum) disease. Symptoms of pulpal involvement may include temperature or percussion sensitivity, spontaneous or spreading pain, and swelling.

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